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Cappadocia is generally regarded as a mountainous region in eastern Anatolia. Here met many cultures over time and it were where they lived Hittites. The soil of Cappadocia is formed from sand and stones salt deposits during the Mycenaean civilization. Yet, small fertile area with volcanic rock is home to the densest population.
The origins of this unusual region dates back 50 million years ago, when craters and natural terraces dominated the landscape. Since then, substantial amounts of rock and lava were thrown from volcanoes. For centuries, people have dug into the soft earth and created homes, monasteries, churches and underground cities. Underground cities were used by Christians as hiding places, so their religion was unanimously accepted. Monastic Valley is over 50 churches carved into rocks that extend beyond the old city, semi-troglodyte houses that form a narrow line. People still live in these caves and visitors can see old women who baked bread in ovens 400 years old and children making mud pies in the roofs of rock.
There are many places to be seen in Cappadocia, such as chimneys enchanting Goreme Valley National Park, rock churches, underground cities Kaymakli, Derinkuyu or Ozkonak, and Pasabag Zelve Valley, Avanos with its pottery and carpets, Uchisar rock fortress, fortress rock Ortahisar, Urgup, Ihlara Valley, Soganli, Sinasi and Hacibektas. Summer (from May to November), can be booked several trips: balloon trips over the chimney, trips, horse riding, bike rides or bike through the valleys of Cappadocia.
Cappadocia is located in central Turkey and distances from major cities are: Istanbul – 729 km, Izmir – 763 km, Antalya – 538, Ankara – 275 km. From Ankara, travel by car takes about 4 hours.